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2015 Winter - Labour matters in Australian agriculture
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Farm Policy Journal: Vol 12 No 2 2015 Winter - Full Journal - Labour matters in Australian agriculture
Australian Farm Institute (2015), Labour matters in Australian agriculture, Farm Policy Journal: Vol. 12 No. 2, Winter, Surry Hills, Australia.
FPJ1202B, Potard, G & Keogh, M (2015), Labour Utilisation Trends in Australian Agriculture, in Farm Policy Journal: Vol. 12 No. 2, Winter, pp. 1-15.
Mechanisation has greatly impacted agriculture removing numerous jobs from the sector, potentially reducing the significance of changes in the farm labour force as a means of lifting total farm productivity. However, the picture is more complex than it first appears. Australian farms have increased their labour efficiency and more than half of the labour force is now salaried or contracted. There is, however, important variability between agricultural sectors with the more noticeable changes in grain and the dairy industries. Grains farms have a lesser reliance on labour and a higher share of salaried/contracted labour. Dairy farms have seen the most noticeable decrease in the ratio of labour cost on total cost and a higher reliance on salaried/contracted labour over the last 25 years.
A key finding is that there are insufficient detailed data available to address the question of labour productivity in the Australian agriculture sector thoroughly.
FPJ1202C, Nettle, R (2015), More Than Workforce Shortages: How Farm Human Resources Management Strategies Will Shape Australia’s Agricultural Future
FPJ1202C, Nettle, R (2015), More Than Workforce Shortages: How Farm Human Resources Management Strategies Will Shape Australia’s Agricultural Future, in Farm Policy Journal: Vol. 12 No. 2, Winter, pp. 17-27.
FPJ1202D, Tomlinson, A (2015), Improving Skills and Capacity in the Australian Grains Industry in Australian Agriculture
FPJ1202D, Tomlinson, A (2015), Improving Skills and Capacity in the Australian Grains Industry in Australian Agriculture, in Farm Policy Journal: Vol. 12 No. 2, Winter, pp. 29-35.
This paper provides a limited review of the literature available to define the concept of a skills and capacity framework as well as why labour and improving skills and capacity is important for the grains industry. The paper identifies some strengths and weaknesses in workforce initiatives undertaken within the Australian grains industry to improve skills and capacity. Opportunities were also identified for improving industry workforce skills and capacity which could potentially assist the Australian grains industry achieve higher rates of productivity growth in the future.
FPJ1202E, Winter, S (2015) , The Long (and Winding) Road to Safety, in Farm Policy Journal: Vol. 12 No. 2, Winter, pp. 37-45.
This paper discusses the notion of a safety culture and how it might be constructed. International expert Professor Patrick Hudson contends that organisations advance through a range of categories before they reach such a culture, where they are intrinsically motivated to be safe even when there seems no obvious reason. The bad news is that creating such a system and keeping it alive is not a particularly easy task, especially given the large number of businesses and the mix of individual operators and corporate entities that make up primary industries. The good news is that it is worthwhile, both in terms of lives and profits.
The Primary Industries Health and Safety Partnership (PIHSP) is piloting a contemporary approach to improving organisational culture, and will look to other industries to identify what has worked in other sectors. The PIHSP is funded by the Research and Development Corporations (RDCs) for the cotton, grains, livestock, meat processing and fishing industries and the Rural Industries RDC. In order to advance the safety culture, the PIHSP aims to implement high-impact, targeted research, development and extension (RD&E) programs in a new approach which places greater emphasis on better understanding and then effectively overcoming the barriers to WHS in primary industries. The Partnership’s objectives are based on the conclusion that the scope and capacity of a worker to make a decision on WHS is constrained or enabled by a complex set of key influencers and the interactions between them.
FPJ1202F, Leith, R & Davidson, A (2015), Measuring the Efficiency of Horticultural Labour: Case Study on Seasonal Workers and Working Holiday Makers
FPJ1202F, Leith, R & Davidson, A (2015), Measuring the Efficiency of Horticultural Labour: Case Study on Seasonal Workers and Working Holiday Makers, in Farm Policy Journal: Vol. 12 No. 2, Winter, pp. 47-52.
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