2014 Spring - Setting the Score for Agricultural Competitiveness

Please note single Journal articles are not available in hard copy.

To download the free editorial articles click here

This catalog has no sub-catalogs.

Farm Policy Journal: Vol 11 No 3 2014 Spring - Full Journal - Setting the score for agricultural competitiveness

Australian Farm Institute, Setting the score for agricultural competitiveness. Farm Policy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 2, Spring Quarter 2014, Surry Hills, Australia

ISSN 1449–2210 (Print)
ISSN 1449–8812 (Web)

$60.50


FPJ1103B - Keogh, M (2014), Optimising Australian Agriculture’s Comparative Advantages

Keogh, M (2014), Optimising Australian Agriculture’s Comparative Advantages, in Farm Policy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 2, Spring Quarter 2014, pp. 1-7

$12.10


FPJ1103C - Latruffe, L (2014), Competitiveness in the Agricultural Sector: Measures and Determinants

Latruffe, L (2014), Competitiveness in the Agricultural Sector: Measures and Determinants, in Farm Policy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, Spring Quarter 2014, pp. 9-17

This article analyses the various measures and potential determinants of competitiveness in the agricultural sector. Competitiveness is a broad concept and there is no consensus on how it should be defined, nor how to measure it precisely. It is however acknowledged that measurements can be made according to two disciplines: i) neoclassical economics which focuses on trade success and measures competitiveness with the real exchange rate, comparative advantage indices, and export or import indices; and ii) the strategic management school which emphasises a firm’s structure and strategy, and includes measures such as profitability, productivity and efficiency. However, most authors recognise that no single indicator is sufficient to assess the broad issue of competitiveness, particularly as each indicator has its limitations.
Two groups of determinants may influence farm competitiveness: determinants on which farms or firms have control, and determinants over which they have none. The former include structural characteristics such as size, organisational type and level of indebtedness, as well as social capital such as the farmer’s age and education level. Conflicting findings about the outcomes of these determinants are provided by existing studies. The determinants beyond farm control include factor endowments and demand conditions, government intervention and public expenditure in research, extension and infrastructure, as well as the location of the farm activities. The problem with government intervention is that it may change competitiveness superficially without increasing real competitiveness.
While this article, as well as the existing literature, focuses on price or cost competitiveness, the non-price component of firms’ or farms’ competitiveness (product differentiation, quality, design, novelty, reputation, reliability, etc) is an important aspect in gaining market share and sustaining profits, which should not be forgotten.

$12.10


FPJ1103D - Anderson, K (2014), Australia’s Competitiveness in Contributing to Global Food Security

Anderson, K (2014), Australia’s Competitiveness in Contributing to Global Food Security, in Farm Policy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, Spring Quarter 2014, pp. 19-33


How much Australia can contribute to food security in the rest of the world depends on the extent to which it is a net exporter of food. That in turn depends mainly on the profitability of farming relative to mining and other productive activities within Australia. Farming has to compete with other domestic sectors for mobile resources such as labour and capital, and with other suppliers to foreign food markets in Asia and elsewhere. So even though Asian markets have expanded and moved from staples to higher-valued foods as local per capita incomes have risen, there is no guarantee Australia’s sales in and share of those and other growing markets will rise.
Perhaps the four most important influences on growth in net exports of farm products from Australia are developments in their international prices, in real exchange rates, in agricultural support policies abroad, and in domestic farm productivity.
This paper begins by briefly evaluating Australia’s historical record as an agricultural exporter. It then summarises recent projections of that capability and Asia’s likely food import needs through to 2030. Past policy experiences are then drawn on to evaluate various prospective interventions that Asian governments might use to address their food security concerns. Estimates of the potential effects of some of those are presented before the final section examines ways Australia could increase its competitiveness as net exporter of farm products.

$12.10


FPJ1103E - Sarker, R (2014), Half-a-Century Competitiveness of the Wheat Sectors: A Comparative Analysis of Canada and Australia

Sarker, R (2014), Half-a-Century Competitiveness of the Wheat Sectors: A Comparative Analysis of Canada and Australia, in Farm Policy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, Spring Quarter 2014, pp. 35-47


While the competitiveness of the Canadian and Australian agrifood sectors attracted significant policy attention in recent years, no study has measured competitiveness using longitudinal data. This article contributes to the competitiveness literature by measuring and comparing the international competitiveness of the wheat sectors in Canada and in Australia using data from 1961 to 2012. The results demonstrate that both Canada and Australia enjoy international competitiveness in the wheat sector. However, the competitiveness of the wheat sectors in both countries have been declining and the WTO-Agreements on Agriculture failed to stimulate the competitiveness of the wheat sectors.

$12.10


FPJ1103F - Orden, D (2014), Measuring Agricultural Competitiveness

Orden, D (2014), Measuring Agricultural Competitiveness, in Farm Policy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, Spring Quarter 2014, pp. 49-51

$12.10


Purchase a
membership and gain
unlimited access to
our journal and
research library

LEARN MORE BECOME A MEMBER

Purchase our
latest report

READ MORE