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2004 August - Biotechnology Agriculture's Gene Revolution

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FPJ0102 Article - The European Union's Biotechnology Policy and its International Impact

Mazzocchi, P
Farm Policy Journal, August 2004, Volume 1, Number 2, pp. 42 - 48 (7 pages)



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FPJ0102 Article - What Would Happen to Australia's Export Markets for Canola if GM Varieties were Released Commercially

Barber, M
Farm Policy Journal, August 2004, Volume 1, Number 2, pp. 34 - 40 (7 pages)


FPJ0202 Article - Agricultural Policy Reform in the EU - An Australian Grains Industry Perspective

Molan, J
Farm Policy Journal, June 2005, Volume 2, Number 2, pp. 50 - 54 (5 pages)


FPJ0801 - Rimmer M, Owning Omega-3 - Monsanto and the invention of meat

 In August of 2010, Anna Salleh of the Science Unit of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation broke a story about Monsanto seeking to patent the enhancement of meat, including omega-3 fatty acids: Enhanced pork is sparking debate over the ethics of placing patents on food. Patent applications covering the enhancement of meat, including pork with omega-3 fatty acids, are stimulating debate over the ethics and legalities of claiming intellectual property over food. Monsanto has filed patents that cover the feeding of animals soybeans, which have been genetically modified by the company to contain stearidonic acid (SDA), a plant-derived omega-3 fatty acid... Omega-3s have been linked to improved cardiovascular health and there are many companies engineering them into foodstuffs. But the new patent applications have touched a raw nerve among those who see them as an attempt by the company to exert control over the food chain. (Salleh 2010) This article provides a critical evaluation of the controversy of Monsanto’s patent applications, and the larger issues over patenting food. It first considers the patent portfolio of Monsanto; the nature of the patent claims; and the examination of the claims by patent examiners. Second, it examines the withdrawal and revision of the patent claims by Monsanto in the wake of criticism by patent authorities and the public disquiet over the controversial application. Third, this article considers the larger policy issues raised by Monsanto’s patent applications – including the patenting of plants, animals and foodstuffs. There is also a consideration of the impact of patents upon the administration of healthcare, competition and research. Rimmer, M - Owning Omega-3: Monsanto and the invention of meat
Farm Policy Journal Autumn 2011, Volume 8, Number 1, pp. 11-21

Biotechnology, GM, GMO, Genetically modified agriculture, Australia



FPJ0801 - Phelps B, GM crops and foods- promises, profits and politics

The cruelest lie about Genetically Manipulated (GM) crops and foods is that they can ‘feed the world’. GM companies use empty promises of bountiful, designer foods to foist GM onto reluctant governments, farmers and shoppers. The UN says there is now enough food to feed everyone but our social priorities and conflicts allow a billion people to starve. GM technology cannot right this injustice, but false promises take scarce resources away from finding durable solutions to feeding, housing and clothing us all. Independent scientific evidence also shows that some GM foods may pose risks to human and animal health and the environment, but industry censorship hides the truth. Since commercial GM canola seed was first sold in some Australian states in 2008, GM contamination is imposing extra costs and losses on farmers and the food industry. Australia also risks losing its unique competitive advantage as the main supplier of GM-free grains to world markets. Farmer Protection laws that make the owners and users of GM responsible for their products have growing support. A more precautionary, open and scientific regulatory regime on all GM plants, animals and micro-organisms is also needed.  Phelps, B - GM crops and foods: promises, profits and politics
Farm Policy Journal Autumn 2011, Volume 8, Number 1, pp. 75-85

Biotechnology, GM, GMO, Genetically modified agriculture, Australia


FPJ0801 - Potard G, The European love-hate relationship with GMOs

1. Are there any GM crops cultivated in the European Union? 2. Are there any GM products marketed in the EU? 3. What is the situation if a conventional product contains traces of GMOs? 4. Are GM regulations about to change under the forthcoming Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)? 5. Are the EU bans on GMOs a ‘non-tariff barrier to trade’? 6. What do EU consumers think?


Potard, G - The European love-hate relationship with GMOs
Farm Policy Journal Autumn 2011, Volume 8, Number 1, pp. 87-88

Biotechnology, GM, GMO, Genetically modified agriculture, Australia



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